How Excavator Parts Operate

Date:02-12-2016

Excavator Parts are usually made up of three key parts; the power and drive, the arm, and the track steering. These parts work collectively to deliver high quality work and therefore must be in perfect working conditions at all times.

Power and Drive

Excavation is an involving task that requires a lot of horsepower. In this regard, most excavators are powered by diesel that delivers the power and makes the equipment more robust for heavy work. The tracks are powered by the engine while the excavator arm is extended and raised by hydraulic motors. The diesel engine supplies all the power required while the control cabin is used to operate the controls to attain the forward and reverse movements. The forward and backward movements are attained through the use of pedals and levers by the operator.

The Excavator Arm and Bucket

With three hydraulic pistons plus a chromed steel piston arm, the arm is usually fixed on the lower part of the frame chassis. It has a bucket loader and two other sections that are usually jointed by a hinge. The first and lower sections are attached to pistons. Extending the first piston pushes the rod against the arm, in the process raising and extending that section. The second piston expands or contracts, either raising or lowering the other section to achieve more reach. The forward and backward movement of the bucket is attained via the help of an extra piston; this process is what enables the scooping and digging action.

Track Steering of the Excavator

The tracks are usually inflexible and usually and immobile, usually placed near a number of gears that are moved by the power received from the drive shaft that is usually connected to the diesel engine. The machine is rolled backward and forward in a straight line when in gear. The equipment is turned when one track is completely stopped and the other one is engaged either in a forward or reverse motion that makes the machine to move in an arc. It is possible to spin the machine in a tighter circle by putting engaging both tracks; one in a forward and another one in reverse. However, this one calls for two distinct drive systems as well as a much more complex transmission, which may be unavailable in some vehicles. An extra hydraulic motor that can receive drive from the main engine can power excavators with a pivoting cab that makes it possible to swivel 360 degrees.