Forklift Parts Vs Emission Control


Vehicles powered by internal combustion engines are blamed for contributing to air pollution, that's why emission control of them becomes important. While airplanes, cars and buses bear the brunt of criticism for harmful emissions, forklifts are no less guilty. The need to control harmful emissions in forklifts becomes even more important when you consider that they are often used in enclosed workspaces. To address this problem, forklift manufacturers have developed special forklift parts to reduce the truck's emissions.

In the first place, why use internal combustion forklifts at all when trucks powered by electricity are available? The main advantage of gasoline or diesel forklifts is that they produce more drive line torque at a low RPM compared with electric trucks. This makes them ideal for moving loads in excess of 15,000 lbs. which electric trucks cannot handle. Secondly, they cost less than electric forklifts, although the operating cost per hour is higher. A third advantage is the ability to operate in the rain and on difficult outdoor terrain like mud and puddles. Lastly, unlike electric trucks, you can re-fuel gasoline and diesel forklifts without having to interrupt the work.

Countries with strict CO emission controls like the United States, United Kingdom, Japan and countries in the European Union have regulations that forklifts must comply with. And these standards generally adhere to those for cars and other internal combustion-powered vehicles.

One simple method of controlling CO emissions is by adjusting the mixture of air and fuel through frequent engine tuneups. However, to ensure the effective reduction of emissions, forklift manufacturers have developed special forklift parts using the latest technology available and incorporating them in their latest models. Among these technologies are the use of diesel particulate filters, diesel oxidation catalysts, lean NOx catalysts, NOx absorbers and selective catalytic reduction.

Essentially, these technologies focus on removing particulates by filtering the exhaust, or by causing a chemical reaction that converts pollutants into harmless gases. Many of these technologies are available today and have been installed in thousands of forklifts now in use. What’s more, conversion kits are also available to make older-model forklifts meet emission standards.

For sure, lift truck manufacturers will continue to feel the demand for forklift parts that meet the planet's increasing demand for cleaner air.