Functions of Essential Automobile Parts


The basic idea of a car is pretty simple -- turn wheels to pull you down the road. But, as illustrated by the hundreds of  Automobile Chassis Parts for sale at your local Pep Boys, Autozone or Napa Auto Parts, it actually takes a lot of machinery to make cars work.

If you're trying to figure out what all the parts in your car do, HowStuffWorks AutoStuff is the place for you. Here's a collection of our key car part articles.

Essential Automobile Parts

Although there are many complex parts included in automobiles, some of the parts are quite common and essential for every vehicle.

Engine: One of the most important components of a vehicle includes the engine. The performance of a vehicle depends on its engine. Different types of fuels are used by the engines such as gasoline, diesel, ethanol and so forth. Today a wide variety of cars can be operated by batteries and these vehicles are known as electrical vehicles.

Chassis: Automotive chassis is the frame of the vehicle which supports the various parts such as engine, brakes, steering, axle, tires and so forth. It is one of the most important structures of a vehicle. Automotive chassis are usually made of light steel material or plastic. The chassis keeps the vehicle stiff and tensile. It ensures low vibration and noise in the entire vehicle. There are various types of chassis used in vehicles which include the backbone chassis, ladder chassis and the monocoque chassis. These days most of the vehicles use steel plated chassis as it ensures strength and durability.

Drive axle: Another automobile part includes the drive axle that propels the vehicle.

Brakes: The most important component of a vehicle is the brakes which help to halt the vehicle. When the brakes are applied, a hydraulic fluid is transmitted through the steel pipes to the wheels of the vehicles.

Gear box: Automobile parts also include gear box which is also known as transmission. The gear box parts vary from one vehicle to another. As the speed of the vehicle varies, the gears can be switched from one ratio to another. The power of engine is transferred to the wheels of the vehicle with the help of the gears. There are mainly two types of gears- the manual and automatic gears. Nowadays, most of the vehicles have automatic gears or transmissions.

Steering: It helps the driver to choose the traveling direction. Suspension acts as a shock absorber and ensures smooth and comfortable ride.

Oil filters: The oil filters are mainly used to segregate the engine oil from unwanted debris and dust particles. Dust particles can prevent the engine from functioning smoothly. Most of the oil filters are classified as high efficiency filters as it segregates abrasive materials from the engine oil.

All types of automobile parts can be bought from online stores at reasonable price rates these days. There are a wide number of online dealers that supply guaranteed products at affordable price rates.